Common Infectious Diseases in Indonesia

Common Infectious Diseases in Indonesia

Infectious diseases can stalk you anytime and anywhere. Its transmission which is very easy to happen makes you have to be more alert to the possibility of being infected. Get to know the various types of infectious diseases that commonly occur in Indonesia along with the symptoms and how to prevent them. Unlike non-infectious diseases , infectious diseases are generally caused by microorganisms, such as viruses, bacteria, parasites, or fungi. There are two ways in which infectious diseases can spread, namely by direct and indirect transmission.

Infectious diseases are generally more at risk of causing infection in people who have a weak immune system. The transmission of this disease can also increase at certain times, for example during the rainy season or floods . The following are some types of infectious diseases along with their symptoms and signs:


This highly contagious disease depo 25 bonus 25 slot is caused by the Corona virus. COVID-19 can cause symptoms that resemble those of the common flu, such as fever, dry cough, runny nose, and shortness of breath.The symptoms generally appear after 2 days to 2 weeks after a person is infected with the virus that causes it. For severe cases, COVID-19 can even cause the sufferer to fail to breathe until death.

One of the most important preventive measures is vaccination. There are various types of COVID-19 vaccines currently circulating. The vaccine can not only protect you from exposure to the Corona virus , but also alleviate the symptoms that may be experienced when infected.

Dengue fever

Dengue fever is a contagious disease caused by dengue virus infection. This virus infects humans through the bites of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes.

Dengue fever is a seasonal disease that commonly occurs in tropical countries, including Indonesia. In Indonesia, this infectious disease occurs more during the rainy season. If left untreated, dengue fever can develop into a more severe condition, namely dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) .

The prevention of dengue fever transmission can be done by applying 3M plus, which is draining water reservoirs, closing water containers, burying used items, using anti-mosquito lotion, using mosquito nets when sleeping, avoiding the habit of hanging clothes, and planting mosquito repellent plants .


Malaria is an infectious disease caused by parasites and transmitted through mosquito bites. Malaria patients generally show several symptoms, such as:

  • Fever
  • Shivering
  • Headache
  • Excessive sweating
  • Muscle pain
  • Nausea and vomiting

It should be known that malaria is included in the endemic disease with areas that still have high cases in the eastern part of Indonesia. People living in malaria slot pulsa endemic areas have the highest risk of contracting the disease.


Diphtheria is an infectious disease caused by bacteria. The symptoms are fever and inflammation of the upper respiratory tract, nose, and skin.

In 2017, diphtheria was an unusual case in Indonesia. This condition occurs due to the existence of a group of people who are easily infected with diphtheria due to not getting vaccinations or their vaccination status is incomplete.

Prevention of infectious diseases can also be achieved through a healthy lifestyle, immunization , and vaccination. Some clean living habits should also be done, such as washing hands, consuming nutritious balanced food, and not sharing personal equipment with other people.


Tuberculosis or TB is caused by bacteria that attack the lungs. However, the bacteria can also attack other parts of the body such as bones, joints, meninges (TB meningitis), lymph nodes (TB glands), and heart membranes.

Bacteria that cause this infectious disease are known to be transmitted through the air when the sufferer coughs or sneezes. Prevention of tuberculosis infection can be prevented by giving the BCG vaccine

Acute respiratory tract infection (ARTI)

Respiratory tract infections can attack the nose, throat, airways, and lungs. ISPA disease is usually characterized by the appearance of symptoms, such as:

  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Pain when swallowing
  • Dry cough or phlegm
  • A cold

This condition is not only caused by viruses, but also bacteria. SIPA caused by a viral infection usually resolves within 3–14 days. If it is caused by bacteria, the doctor will give antibiotics to deal with it.

The prevention of ISPA can be done in several ways, such as consuming nutritious balanced food, getting used to washing hands regularly, and getting the influenza vaccine. Pay attention to cough and sneeze etiquette and use a mask so that viruses and bacteria do not spread to other people.

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